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Health Management of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Help You Get Rid of Sub-health
In 1978, the International Primary Health Care General Assembly issued the "Declaration of Alma-Ata", in which re-interpret the meaning of health. "Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". It extended the meaning of health from biological aspects to the biological, psychological, social aspects, which had established a new concept of modern health.
2.1 The Concept of Sub-health
Sub-health is the healthy state of low quality and experience between health and disease. This means that there are a lot of uncomfortable feeling and symptoms in body and mind, decreased vitality, decreased reactivity and adaptability, while no disease can be diagnosed definitely.
Someone sums up sub-health as "one increase and three decreases", which means increased fatigue and decreased vatility, reactivity, adaptability.
In the mid-1980s, Berkman , the scholar of former Soviet Union discovered and proposed the concept of "the third state" for the first time. Subsequently, many scholars from different countries have been proposed some similar names, such as sub-health, intermediate state, grey state, sub-clinical state, a general malaise and so on. The name of sub-health was proposed by Chinese scholars.
2.2 The Epidemiology of Sub-health
According to dozens of studies, only 5%~15% people can attain the health standards, 15% people have been diagnosed with some diseases definitely, 60%~70% people are on the sub-healthy state between health and disease that is neither diseased nor healthy.
2.3 The Classification of Sub-health
2.3.1 The Classification of Sub-health by Components of Health
(1)Sub-health in Body
Main Manifestation: fatigue for which no recognizable cause can be found or any disease can be excluded, languidness, weakness, easily catching a cold, general physical malaise, dizziness, heaviness in the head, headache, spontaneous sweating, shortness of breath, palpitation, fullness in the chest, an irregular heartbeat, loss of appetite, clear and abundant urine, lassitude in loin and legs, cold or numb limbs, aching all over the body, insomnia, dreaminess, somnolence, decreased sexual ability, disordered menstrual cycle and so on.
(2)Sub-health in Mentality
Main Manifestation: mental fatigue for which no recognizable cause can be found, blunted in responsiveness, decline in memory, scatterbrain, disturbance of emotion, disordered thinking, panic, anxiety, impatience, irritability, feeling himself/herself inferior, nervousness, indifference, solitude, recklessness, even having the suicidal attempt and so on.
(3)Sub-health in Social Adaptability
Main Manifestation: having a poor adaptability to work and study, decreased frequency in social activity, incompatible with other people, inharmonious family relationship and so on.
(4)Sub-health in Morality
Main Manifestation:having the obvious deviation which tend to injure others and ruin oneself in world outlook, views on life and values.
2.3.2 The Classification of Sub-health by Clinical Manifestation
(1)Indefinite Statements Syndrome
Main Manifestation: uncomfortable feeling in body and mind, such as fatigue, languidness, weakness, lower resistance to illness, insomnia, long term deprivation from sleep, scatterbrain, emotional instability, even can’t having the normal daily life and work. But the various indexes of clinical examinations and laboratory tests are generally within the normal margins.
This means the pre-clinical(latent period) state of some diseases, high or low threshold of laboratory tests, such as on the high margins of blood glucose, blood lipid, blood uric acid and blood pressure, or on the low margins of blood calcium, blood iron.
The person who is a carrier of pathogen has the abnormal indexes of laboratory tests, but the normal physiological function, psychological and social adaptability, such as hepatitis B carriers, tubercle bacillus carriers and so on.
(4)In the State of High Risk Factor
Overweight, smoking, excessive tension and so on.
2.4 The Causes of Sub-health
(1)Highly Mental Stress
Because of the intense competitions in modern society, our work and study load have been becoming more and more heavy, our mind have been under the high level of stress, which will impair our health.
According to the studies, long-term mental stress can impair the health in the following aspects:
a. Triggering the acute or chronic irritable reaction, which in turn directly impair the cardiovascular system and digestive system. Then high blood pressure [hypertension], racing heart[tachycardia], hardening of the arteries [angiosclerosis],
heart attck, stress ulcer and so on will occur.
b. Triggering the mental fatigue and reducing cognitive function.
c. Confusing the body's internal clock and lowering the quality of sleep.
d. Reducing the body's immunological function, which in turn will increase the chances of getting tumor and infection.
Irregular work and rest, smoking, excessive drinking, imbalanced diet, less activity, drug abuse and so on.
The environment pollution such as the industrial smoke and dust, emissions from automobiles, radiation, noise, light, electromagnetic wave and so on have been becoming more and more severe. These will disturb our nervous and endocrine system, reduce our immunity, which will in turn have a harmful influence on our body resistance to disease and recovery from deseases.
Bad mental, psychological stimulation, genetic factors and so on.
Annex: The following eight categories of people are prone to subhealth
a. the person whose mental burden is too heavy;
b. the person whose mental stress is in high level;
c. the person whose life is irregular;
d. the person whose diet is imbalanced;
e. the person who smokes and drinks excessively;
f. the person who has too much mental work;
g. the person who has too much manual work;
h. the person who does simple and mechanical work all along;
i. the person whose interpersonal relationship is in tension.
2.5 The Evaluation Method of Sub-health
2.5.1 Scale Evaluation
Cornell Medical Index(CMI), Self-rated Scale by Delphi, Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Questionnaire for Survey of Constitutions in Traditional Chinese Medicine, Criteria for Classification and Diagnosis of Constitutions in Traditional Chinese Medicine.
2.5.2 Test Evaluation
a. Multifunctional Microscopy Diagnostic Instrument(MDI)
Also called one drop of blood test. The blood sample can be magnified 15, 000 times by MDI. Therefore, we can directly observe the shape and quantity of various kinds of blood visible components, such as erythrocytes, leucocytes, blood platelets, cholesterol clefts, chylomicron[microscopic particles of emulsified fat], uric acid crystals, lipid plaque, plasma urealyticum, protoplast-chip and so on. In this way, we can detect the diseases in their stages, predict the development of diseases in the future, and obtain the critical information for making an accurate diagnosis.
b. Tele-diagnosis System (TDS)
Firstly, we determine the electrical charge of acupoints on our body by means of inductor. Then we transfer the data to central data base by internet, and compare them with the medical expert system module based on the theories of health statistics and fuzzy mathematics. Finally, we can make an assessment to the health state of examinee.
c. Quantum Resonance Spectrometer (QRS)
We can detect and analyze the weak magnetic field in organisms or substances by means of QRS to assess the health and nutrient state of examinee.
d. Hemorrheology Detection
The major items are whole blood viscosity values, plasma viscosity values, erythrocyte deformability index, erythrocyte aggregation index, erythrocyte sedimentation, hematocrit and so on.
2.6 The Main Harm of Sub-health to Our Health
(1)It is actually the pre-illness state of cardiovascular and cerebral disease, diabetes, malignant tumor and so on.
(2)It can easily cuase the mental or psychological diseases.
(3)It can decrease the efficiency of work, the quality of life and study.
(4)It can impact the health and life expectancy, even lead to the untimely death.
2.7 The Prognosis of Sub-health
The prognosis of sub-health depends on whether we take it into account seriously and how we deal with it correctly. The sub-health can either change into health or disease.
2.8 The Perspective of Traditional Chinese Medicine to Sub-health
Health is a kind of dynamic equilibrium between human being, environment and society. "Only there is a balance between Yin and Yang, can essence-spirit be normal".
The basic pathogenesis of sub-health is the imbalance between Zang-Fu Organs, Qi-Blood and Yin-Yang.
The principles of intervention for sub-health by TCM are the following.
Launching health education, changing lifestyle, eliminating physical and mental fatigue, carrying out regulation and preservation by differentiation of symptoms and signs.
3 Health Management
In 1996, World Health Organization (WHO) stated in "Meet the Challenges of the 21st Century" that we shouldn’t take diseases but health as our main research object in the 21st century medicine. At the end of last century, after all the discussion the experts from the global medical field finally concluded that the best medicine was not just to cure diseases but to keep us from diseases. Therefore, health medicine which researching subject and practicing target are human health will be the direction for medical development in the future.
3.1 The Health Management in Modern Medicine
3.1.1 The Concept of Health Management
Health management is a kind of process that comprehensively analyse and monitor the risk factors of health in an individual or a group. It can achieve its aim of keeping from diseases, and promoting physical and mental health by means of arising the individual and group initiative, utilizing all kinds of resources and measures sufficiently.
3.1.2 The Importance of Health Management
It can motivate participants' initiative and enthusiasm in changing their lifestyle.
It helps to diagnose and prevent diseases in their early stages before noticeable symptoms occur.
It can improve the quality of life, extend the expectancy of life.
Investment in health management is far less than that in treating diseases. Therefore, medical expenses can be reduced dramatically. According to calculations, spending 1$ on preventing diseases can reduce 10$ on treating diseases, or 100$ on rescuing lives.
3.1.3 The Object of Health Management
The healthy and sub-healthy groups are the key service objects of health management. They are the absence of diseases, or merely sub-healthy. They do not need to receive treatment in the hospital. If they can get the appropriate health management, their health risks and the probability of diseases in the future will be lowered dramatically.
3.1.4 The Characteristics of Health Management
Health management is not the same measure to the whole groups. We firstly screen and classify them by means of the assessment of health. Then we work out the individualized health-improving goals and health interventions according to the individual health problems and risk factors.
3.1.5 The Components of Health Management
Firstly, collect the health information of individual or a group comprehensively, such as mental health test, health examination, lifestyle test, sub-health test, individual past history, family history and so on.
Secondly, analyze and assess the risk factors which may impair health.
Thirdly, work out the regulating and recuperating schemes correspondingly to prompt people to establish the new behavior and lifestyles, and achieve the health-improving goal.
3.2 The Health Management in Traditional Chinese Medicine——“Preventive Treatment of Diseases”
3.2.1 The Concept of “Preventive Treatment of Diseases”
The "Preventive Treatment of Diseases" in TCM actually has three meanings, which are "Preventing the Occurrence of Diseases", "Controlling the Development of Existing Diseases" and "Preventing the Recurrence of Diseases".
(1)Preventing the Occurrence of Diseases
It refers to taking various measures to prevent diseases from occurring, which is the first essential of "Preventive Treatment of Diseases". For example, we can regulate and nurse our body, enhance our capability of resistance to disease by means of regulating and preserving essence-spirit, exercising more, regularly daily living, pharmacological prevention, artificial immunization and so on.
(2)Controlling the Development of Existing Diseases
It refers to diagnosing and treating diseases in their early stages to prevent them from developing further after diseases have occurred.
(3)Preventing the Recurrence of Diseases
It refers to toning up our body and strengthening our Zhenqi(Vital energy) to prevent diseases from recurring after having recovered.
3.2.2 “Preventive Treatment of Diseases” and Chinese Culture of Health Preserving
In its long course of development, traditional Chinese medicine has been emphasized the "Preventive Treatment of Diseases". The Chinese distinctive culture of health preserving was formed based on Daoyin Art[promoting qi flow by respiration, the earliest information comes from the tombs of Han Dynasty in Mawangdui], Wuqin Xi [medical exercise imitating movements of five animals, created by the renowned physician Hua Tuo, in the Eastern Han Dynasty], and other kinds of health preserving method which include exercise, diet, mentality and so on.
Dr. Joseph Needham, the British scholar stated:" In world culture, the Chinese health preserving is the unique one that other ethnic groups don’t have".
3.2.3 The Importance of “Preventive Treatment of Diseases”
Example 1：Bian Que and Cai Huangong
Bian Que went to see Cai Huangong, stood for a while and said, "You are sick in your skin, and will turn worse without treatment. " Huanhou said, "I'm not sick. " After Bian Que went away, Huanhou said, "The doctors like to treat people who don't have any diseases, as their own credit!"
Ten days later, Bian que went to see him again. He said, "You have a disease in your flesh, and it'll be heavier without treatment. "Huanhou didn't reply. After Bian Que went out, Huanhou showed his disatisfaction again.
Ten days later, Bian Que went to see him again. He said, "You have a disease in your stomach. It'll be even heavier without treatment. "After Bian Que went out, Huanhou was also displeased.
Another ten days later, Bian Que met Huanhou and went back immediately. Huanhou specially sent people to ask why. Bian Que replied, "The disease in the skin can be achieved by hot medicinal compress; disease in the flesh can be achieved by acupuncture;disease in the stomach can be achieved by medical decoction. While disease to the bone marrow, which is in charge of the God of life and death by the local jurisdiction, there is no way to medicine. Huanhou's disease has gone into the bone marrow now. That is why I have nothing to say. "
Five days passed, Huanhou felt hurt and sent for Bian Que. But he had left for the Kingdom of Qin. Huanhou then died.
This popular story has found its way to us through the ages. Its core content is "Preventive Treatment of Diseases".
As a matter of fact, Huangdi Neijing [The Yellow Emperor's Canon of Internal Medicine] has proposed the concept of "Preventive Treatment of Diseases", and emphasized the importance of prevention of diseases.
Plain Questions states: "Wise men always give the preventive treatment before a disease occurs and prevent a disturbance before it starts…. Taking medicine until a disease comes on or preventing a disturbance until it starts is no different from digging a well until one is thirsty or making weapons until a battle starts. That is too late. "
Example 2：Bian Que’s Art of Healing
Bian Que was a famous physician in ancient China. One day the King of Wei asked him, “You and your two brothers are all skilled in medicine, which of you is the best?”
Bian Que answered, “My eldest brother is the best, the next is my second brother , and the last is me. ”
The King asked again, “Then how is it that you are the most famous?”
Bian Que replied, “My eldest brother treats a disease when it is just beginning to show symptoms. What he does is to remove the pathogen--members of my family can all see that but other people cannot. That’s why he doesn’t enjoy wide recognition. My second brother cures a disease in its early stages. People thus mistake him as only capable of treating minor illnesses. So he is merely known within this locality and its neighborhood. As for me, I treat a disease when it is already well developed and very serious. People observe me perform bloodletting by injecting tubes into vessels or applying medical ointment on the skin, and thus look upon me as well versed in medicine. So I have become well known all over the country. ”
The King was quite satisfied and said, “You’ve given a cogent explanation. ”
Sun Simiao, the famous physician of Tang Dynasty distinguished the levels of doctors in Beiji Qianjin Yao Fang[Prescriptions for Emergencies Worth a Thousand Gold] by the following way. The high-level doctors prefer to adopt the method of health preserving and keeping fit when people are in good health. The middle-level doctors choose to nurse impaired health before a disease occur. The low-level doctors begin to treat a disease after it has happened.
3.2.4 The Methods of “Preventive Treatment of Diseases”
The previous physicians of all dynasties put the health preserving as top priority. They thought that health preserving is the fundamental way to accomplish the "Preventive Treatment of Diseases".
The basic principles are taking good care of the kidney essence, strengthening the functions of Zang-fu Organs, regulating and preserving the Yin-yang.
Plain Questions states: "Avoid Xuxie and Zeifeng[Xuxie and Zeifeng refer to all abnormal climatic changes and exogenous pathogenic factors. ]in good time. Keep the mind free from avarice. In this way, Zhenqi [Primordial Qi] in the body will be in harmony, Jingshen (Essence-Spirit) will remain inside, and diseases will have no way to occur".
"People who knew the Law, followed the principle of Yin and Yang, and were in homony with Shushu (calculations and arts), ate wisely, lived regular daily life without random labour. As a result, with the body and spirit going along, they were able to fully live the natural span of life, that is a hundred years, before death".
The above states are trying to advise people to strengthen the cultivation of mind, pay attention to the mental and psychological health, adapt themselves to the climate change, be temperate in eating and drinking, avoid partiality for a particular kind of food, get into regular habits in daily life, keep a proper balance between work and rest, do exercises, improve the physique and so on.
Sun Simiao, the famous physician of Tang Dynasty can live to 101 years old at the times that "Men who reach the age of seventy have always been a rarity". Some secrets of his longevity are "Often combing hair, often knocking teeth, often swallowing saliva", " taking a walk after a meal, stroking the hypochondrium, chest and abdomen by your hand".
4 The Constitution of Human Body and Health Management
4.1 The Theory of Constitution in Traditional Chinese Medicine
4.1.1 The Concept of Constitution
Constitution is a kind of living phenomenon that exists objectively. It is the comprehensive and relatively stable characteristics that living body show itself in the aspects of morphological structure, physiological function, personality and mentality.
Constitution presents the individual differences of Zang-Fu Organs, Qi-Blood and Yin-Yang with the differences of individual morphology, function and mentality. In physiological aspect, it presents itself with the individual differences of function, metabolism and response to external stimuli. In pathological aspect, it presents itself with susceptibility to some pathogenic factors, liability to some diseases, and particular tendency in the development and transfer of diseases.
For example, the person whose constitution is Phlegm-Dampness Type has a higher levels of blood lipid and blood glucose, and an abnormal indexes of blood rheology. There is a significant relationship between the constitution of Phlegm-Dampness Type and obesity, hyperlipemia, diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke and so on.
4.1.2 The Types of Constitutions of Human Body
After over 30 years of effort, the Chinese medical experts have put forward nine kinds of basic constitutional types of human being, which are Healthy Type, Qi-Deficiency Type, Yang-Deficiency Type, Yin-Deficiency Type, Phlegm-Dampness Type, Dampness-Heat Type, Blood-Stasis Type, Qi-Stagnation Type, Allergy Type. They also have designed the Questionnaire for Survey of Constitutions in Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Criteria for Classification and Diagnosis of Constitutions in Traditional Chinese Medicine, which is a standard tool for the classification of constitutions.
Of course, people who are single constitutional type are often rare in real life, compound constitutional type are the majority.
4.1.3 The Characteristics of Constitution
The formation of constitution is the result of both prenatal heredity and postnatal acquisition. The former is a decisive factor, which makes the constitution possessing relative stability and predictability. The latter means that constitution can be altered by other factors, which makes the constitution possessing alterability and adjustability.
For example, with regard to the alterability and adjustability of constitution, Prof. Wang Qi and other experts of Beijing University of TCM have found that Chinese medicine Hua Tan Qu Shi Formula can effectively regulate the lipid metabolism of obese people with Phlegm-Dampness Constitution, and Chinese medicine Guo Min Kang Capsule can reduce the level of specific antigen IgE, restrain masts cell from releasing histamine, which in turn improve the Allergy Constitution.
4.1.4 The Clinical Significance of Constitution
The constitutional factor plays an important role in transformation from health to sub-health, desease. Various deviated constitutions are the intrinsic bases of occurrence, development and transfer of diseases. In clinical practice, we can predict the occurrence and development of disease by analyzing constitution. Therefore, we can detect it in earliest time, deal with it timely and reverse its development.
For example, the person whose constititon is Phlegm-Dampness Type has a higher incidence of diabetes, stroke, coronary heart disease, hyperlipemia and gout than other constitutional types. We can adjust his/her Phlegm-Dampness Constitution by eliminating phlegm and removing dampness so as to prevent these diseases from occurring.
4.2 The Constitution and Occurrence of Subhealth
Healthy Constitution means the healthy state, which only accounts for 32. 75 percent of population. The other eight types of deviated constitutions mean that the balance between Zang-Fu Organs, Qi-Blood and Yin-Yang have been disturbed, and haven’t yet became diseases. These belong to the sub-healthy state between health and diseases, which account for 67. 25 percent of population.
Annex: The relationship between various deviated constitutions and sub-health
a. Qi-Deficiency Type, Dampness-Heat Type, Qi-Stagnation Type: The vitality of body has been reduced. The metabolic wastes can not been discharged from the body timely. The person with these types of constitutions has been depressed. Therefore, it is easy to turn into Sub-health in Body[Fatigue Type]
b. Yang-Deficiency Type, Dampness-Heat Type, Blood-Stasis Type: The pain will occur because the poor blood circulation can not nourish the body sufficiently. Or the pain will occur because the accumulating metabolic wastes can block the blood circulation in the body. Therefore, it is easy to turn into Sub-health in Body[Pain Type]
c. Yang-Deficiency Type, Phlegm-Dampness Type: The fire of Vital Gate has declined. The Kidney Qi has became deficient. The turbid-phlegm has accumulated. The body has been damaged by free radicals. Therefore, it is easy to turn into Sub-health in Body[Presenility Type]
d. Qi-Deficiency Type, Yin-Deficiency Type, Qi-Stagnation Type: The physical ability has declined. The emotion has been in flux dramatically, which sometimes present easily anger or depression. Therefore, it is easy to turn into Sub-health in Mentality.
4.3 The Constitution and Regulation & Recuperation of Sub-health
Nowadays, a lot of people take the medicine or tonic unreasonably for prevention or treatment of disease, which often don't turn out the way they wish. As a matter of fact, if you want to maintain your health or prevent from disease, you should receive the assessment of your constitution in the professional institution, such as Nobel wellness sanctuary. Then you can get a set of comprehensive, individualized health-caring instructions and regulating and recuperating schemes from experts.
The theory of constitution of TCM has laid the foundation for the regulation and recuperation of sub-health in both theoretical and practical aspects. For every deviated constitution, there is a set of regulating and recuperating schemes in TCM which is based on the Chinese medicine theories and clinical experience. We can prevent the occurrence of sub-health, or stop it turning into disease by means of adjusting and optimizing constitution.
In clinical practice, we can understand his/her healthy state thoroughly, and predict his/her incidence of disease in the future accurately by means of the objective assessment to individual constitution in TCM. We can also improve the individual health comprehensively, and achieve the goal of health management by means of systematic adjustment of individual deviated constitution.
5 The Brief Introduction of Health Management Schemes in NOBEL Wellness Sanctuary
"Better life start from better health", " The first wealth is health "[Ralph Waldo Emersom]
To popularize these creeds of modern life, NOBEL wellness sanctuary has introduced the advanced service pattern in health management. In line with the principles of standarded service procedure, individualized health maintenance, we can detect, define and assess the state of health or sub-health for our customers, and supply them with a set of comprehensive, individualized health-caring instructions and regulating and recuperating schemes.
5.1 The Purposes and Objectives
Help customers build up the correct concept of health, cultivate the good life habit, get rid of the state of sub-health;
Help customers understand their healthy state and constitutional types thoroughly, reduce the risk factors and possibility which chronic diseases or malignant diseases may occur;
Help customers work out the regulating and recuperating schemes which can prevent the sub-health or diseases.
5.2 Operating Procedure
5.2.1 Health Survey
Firstly, customers fill out the General Information Questionnaire by themselves, which includes gender, age, nationality, place of birth, place of permanent residence, marital status, occupation, education, status at birth, eating habits, sleep habits, exercise habits, past history, allergic history, family history and so on.
Secondly, consultants of our wellness sanctuary measure customer’s height, weight, waist circumference, blood pressure and so on.
Through health survey, experts of our wellness sanctuary can have an overall understanding to the health status of customers, and may find some unfavorable factors which impair the health.
5.2.2 Health Assessment
Firstly, consultants of wellness sanctuary help customer fill out the Questionnaire for Survey of Constitutions in Traditional Chinese Medicine and make the preliminary assessment to constitutions of customers.
Secondly, consultants of wellness sanctuary help customers fill out the Criteria for Classification and Diagnosis of Constitutions in Traditional Chinese Medicine. By means of scoring, they can identify types of constitutions of customers. Of course, the judging results might somewhat differ from the true state of customers, as there exits a certain difference in educational levels, sensitivities to unwell feeling, abilities to understand the questions and so on.
Therefore, it is necessary for experts of our wellness sanctuary to further identify and confirm the judging results by means of "four diagnostic methods", namelv inspection, auscultation and olfaction, inquiry, pulse-taking and palpation.
5.2.3 Health Management
After these standardized constitutional identification, experts of our wellness sanctuary will give customers the comprehensive professional guidances based on their different types of constitutions and predisposing to diseases, which include dieting, daily life, exercise, emotion regulating and preserving, and the professional regulation and recuperation by means of acupuncture and Chinese medicated health care products. Meanwhile, we will set up the constitutional records for customers, and re-score the constitutions of our customers regularly by the Criteria for Classification and Diagnosis of Constitutions in Traditional Chinese Medicine. By this way, we will find the dynamic changes of their constitutions in time, and readjust the regulating and recuperating schemes correspondingly until they reach the perfect state of health.